Aeronautical Inspection and Pre-Purchase, by Denny Pollard

Aeronautical Inspection
and Pre-Purchase

by Denny Pollard

ISBN:
1412050650
Copyright Date:
2005
Edition:
1st
Pages:
241
Binding:
Paperback
Dimensions:
11.0" x 8.5"
Weight:
1.5lbs
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A handbook for the prospective buyer or mechanic needing to evaluate an unfamiliar aircraft.

If you are a prospective owner, pilot, broker, or aviation mechanic, or anyone who needs to know where to find information about the aviation airworthiness, maintenance, inspections and rules; you'll find all the information you need in this one volume.

Every aspect about inspections, mechanic privileges, mechanic and owner responsibilities, and what you should look for and inspect when choosing an aircraft. Know where to find the tools to aid in research of the aircraft history, specifications, details on modifications and changes made through the years, Type-Certificate Data Sheets, FAA Airworthiness Directives, Supplementary Type Certificates, Maintenance Alerts for each make and model aircraft, and aircraft records.

This book documents the history, experiences and hardships of purchasing aircraft. It describes the difficult and hazardous situations demanding ingenuity, resourcefulness and a lot of difficult hard work. Denny's years of experience in the aviation field demonstrates a lesser-known side of aviation that is from the mechanic's perspective. This book is the first of it's kind and once started, compels the reader to continue to the last page.

Are you aware the pre-purchase agreement you sign may be the single most important document, among the dozen or so documents sometimes required? And which specific items should you include in your purchase agreement.

Has your aircraft (Or the One That You Are Thinking About Purchasing) been subjected to less than scrupulous inspection and maintenance practices, over the years?

Sometimes even a very competent pre-purchase inspection does not include a complete inspection of the aircraft records because it is often very time consuming to read them thoroughly. Positively, the most enlightening pre-buy inspection is a good evaluation of the aircraft maintenance records. A complete evaluation will identify the current status of the aircraft as required by 14 CFR 91.417, uncover time frames of no maintenance, or lack of maintenance, identify inaccurate engine cycle tracking as well as aircraft time tracking and reveal aircraft damage history.

The prospective purchaser is responsible for discovering discrepancies that can only be revealed by in-flight evaluation such as flight characteristics, proper functioning of navigational instrumentation, avionics and autopilot. The purpose of the Pre-purchase Inspection is to protect the interest of the buyer; it is not intended to be an Annual/Airworthiness Inspection.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS:


  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR

  • INTRODUCTION


  • Chapter 1. PRE-PURCHASE INSPECTION
  • Pre-Purchase Official Status
  • Pre Purchase Agreement Statement
  • Doing Your Home Work
  • Step By Step to Pre-Purchase step l through 12


  • Chapter 2. AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS
  • Flight Manual
  • Equipment List Requirements
  • Weight and Balance
  • Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
  • Life Limited Parts
  • Life Limited Parts II


  • Chapter 3. MECHANIC REQUIREMENTS
  • Inspector Requirements
  • Inspection Authorization (IA) History
  • Inspection Authorization Privileges and Limitations
  • The Responsibility of an IA
  • General Privileges and Limitations of an A&P
  • Airframe Authorization Privileges and Limitations
  • Powerplant Authorization Privileges and Limitations
  • Releasable Airman Data


  • Chapter 4. MAINTENANCE RECORD REQUIREMENTS
  • Entries Into The Aircraft Records
  • Significance of Maintenance Record Entries
  • Paperwork Review
  • Discrepancy Lists
  • Preventive Maintenance Entries
  • Why Research logbooks
  • What is The Cost of Record Research
  • When Should You Have Logbook Researched
  • What Do Mechanics Find
  • Information For Pre-purchases
  • How Long Does it Take
  • How to Research Logbooks
  • What to Look For
  • Accident History
  • Written Results
  • How Can You Have A Set Of Logbooks Researched
  • Aircraft Registration Branch


  • Chapter 5. INSPECTIONS
  • Inspection Requirements
  • Maintenance Record Comparison
  • Types of Inspections
  • Fresh Annual
  • Inspection Meanings
  • Aircraft with Discrepancies or Unairworthy Conditions
  • Incomplete Annual Inspections
  • Inspection Do's and Don'ts
  • Airworthiness Directives (AD's)


  • Chapter 6. MAINTENANCE GUIDES
  • Maintenance Standards and ATA Codes
  • Life Limits Inspection
  • The Pre-inspection Run-up
  • Visual Inspections
  • Record Keeping Types of Inspection
  • Preparation for the Inspection


  • Chapter 7. CIVIL AVIAITON REGISTRY
  • Civil Registry Introduction
  • Aircraft Registration
  • Eligible Registrants
  • Register an Amateur-Built Aircraft
  • Surplus Military Aircraft
  • Replace Registration Certificate
  • Change of Address
  • Airworthiness Certificate
  • Special Airworthiness
  • Special N-numbers
  • Aircraft Data Plates
  • Import Aircraft
  • Registering a Import Aircraft


  • Chapter 8. ENGINES
  • Engines Inspections
  • What type of overhauls are their and what do they mean?
  • Engine Overhaul Terminology and
  • Standards
  • Engine Inspection
  • Engine Visual Inspection
  • Engine Sudden Stoppage
  • Engine Mounts
  • Engine Mount Repairs
  • Engine Baffle Seals
  • Hard Facts About Engine Break In
  • Metal in Screen and Filters
  • Nose Seal Leak
  • Engine Hoses
  • Cylinder Base Nut Tightening
  • Tips From the Hangar
  • Engine Ground Test
  • High Time Cylinders/Repairs
  • Low-Time Engine May Not Mean Quality and Value
  • Newly Overhauled Engine
  • Fuel Systems


  • Chapter 9. PROPELLERS
  • Propeller Introduction
  • Two Blades or Three
  • Propeller Hubs
  • Propeller Balancing
  • Propeller Vibration
  • Tachometer Inspection
  • Propeller Records
  • Number of Blades
  • Propeller Spinner Repairs
  • Spinner Chrome plating
  • Spinner Maintenance Record Entries
  • Propeller Polishing Blades


  • Chapter 10. LANDING GEAR
  • Landing Gear Systems
  • Landing Gear Retracting
  • Landing Gear Shock Absorbers
  • Wheel and Brakes Inspection Tires
  • Wheels Inspection
  • Aircraft Wheel Bearings
  • Bearing Classes
  • Ball and Rind Materials
  • Ceramic Hybrids
  • Bearing Cages
  • Internal Ball Parameters
  • Radial Internal Clearance
  • Bearing Yield
  • Bearing Preloading
  • Preloading Techniques
  • Bearing Lubrication
  • Lubrication Procedures
  • Lubrication Selection
  • Bearing Service Life
  • Bearing Do's and Don'ts
  • Grease
  • AeroShell Grease
  • Aircraft Radial Tires
  • Non-Destructive Inspection


  • Chapter 11. ELECTRIAL SYSTEMS
  • Electrical Systems
  • Clamping
  • Automobile Alternator
  • Electrical Loads
  • Determination of Electrical Loads
  • Determination of Circuit Breaker Rating
  • Aircraft Electrical wiring
  • Wire Substitution
  • Wire Specifications

  • Chapter 12. PAINT
  • What Does New Paint Hide
  • Paint Environment vs. Corrosion
  • Corrosion Prone Areas
  • Surface Treatment Testing
  • Corrosion Damage and Rework Limits
  • Aircraft Paint
  • Paint and N-numbers

  • Chapter 13. RADOME
  • Radome Introduction
  • Radome Characteristics
  • Radome Damage
  • Radome Inspection


  • Chapter 14. FLAMMABILITY CERTIFICATION
  • Flammability Certification of Fabric
  • Flammability Material in Aircraft
  • Civil Air Regulations, CAR-3
  • Aircraft
  • Flammability Tests
  • Fabric Cloth
  • Fabric Testing


  • Chapter 15. AIR-CONDITIONING
  • Air-conditioning Refrigerant
  • Conversions

  • Chapter 16. REPLACEMENT PARTS
  • Replacement Parts
  • Eligibility of Parts
  • FAA Approved Parts
  • Approved Parts
  • Acceptable Parts
  • Standard Parts
  • Unapproved Parts
  • Detection of Unapproved Parts
  • Supplier Evaluation
  • Aircraft Instruments
  • Owner Produced Parts


  • Chapter 17. CABIN AND COCKPIT INSPECTION
  • General Inspection
  • System Inspections
  • Instruments
  • Inoperative Instruments
  • Digital Clocks Installations
  • Seat Belts
  • Retrofit Shoulder Harness
  • Seats and Tracks
  • Windshields
  • Cabin Windows
  • Scratched Windows
  • Criteria for Window Inspections
  • Window Crazing
  • Window Optional Distortion
  • Cabin Inspection General


  • Chapter 18. STRUCTURES
  • General Inspection Tips
  • Station Numbers
  • Areas Subject to Fatigue Cracks
  • Rivets
  • Inspection Fuselage
  • Fire Walls
  • Visual Inspection
  • Corrosion Removal Around Counter Sunk
  • Fasteners
  • Lap Seams
  • Gear Doors
  • Special Inspection
  • Engine Mounts
  • Factor of Safety Explained in Shop Terms
  • Static Strength
  • Rivet Bearing Failure

  • Chapter 19. HYDRAULICS SYSTEMS
  • General systems
  • Filters
  • Hydraulic Fluid
  • Hydraulic Pumps
  • 0-rings
  • Common Seal Failures
  • Do's and Don't for 0-Rings
  • Flexible Hose
  • Rubber Hose
  • Rubber Hose Identification Band
  • Hose Terms
  • Identification of Fluid Lines
  • Flexible Hose Inspection
  • Proof Test After Assemble
  • Installation of Hose Assemblies
  • Repair of Metal Lines

  • Chapter 20. OXYGEN SYSTEM
  • Plastic Oxygen Lines
  • Oxygen System Servicing
  • Tubing, Routing and Mounting
  • Oxygen System Maintenance
  • High Pressure Cylinders
  • Lines and Fittings


  • Chapter 21. HOW TO OPERATE YOUR AIRCRAFT
  • Pre-flights
  • Control Wheel Lock
  • Fuel Level
  • Scratch Windshields
  • Engine Leaning
  • Doors
  • Trash
  • Tow bars
  • Oil Record
  • Oil Dipstick
  • Parking Brakes
  • Brakes
  • Hard Landings
  • Break-in Oil
  • Ammeter Works
  • Interior Lights
  • Stuff

  • Chapter 22. TOOLS
  • Proper Tool
  • Torque Wrench's
  • Equipment Calibration
  • Test Equipment Calibration
  • Crimp Terminal Lugs and Splices
  • Equivalent Tooling


  • Chapter 23. ALTERATIONS AND MAJOR REPAIRS
  • Approving Major Repair or Alterations
  • What is a Field Approval?
  • What is not a Major Alteration?
  • Incomplete and/or Piecemeal
  • Installations
  • Avionic Alterations
  • Special Circumstances Involving FAA Field Approval
  • Alteration Recordation Requirements
  • Helpful Hints for Field Approvals
  • Alteration Approval
  • Recording Data Deviation
  • Antennas
  • What is a Supple Type Certificate?
  • Completion of FAA Form 337
  • CAR's and CAM's


  • APPENDIX
  • FAA Web Sites
  • Engine Trend Monitoring Data Sheet
  • Small Airplane Certification Compliance Program
  • Compliance Check list to CAR Part 3
  • Aircraft Purchase/Sales Agreement
  • Experimental Aircraft Certification
  • Checklist
  • Pre-inspection Run Up Checklist
  • 100 hour/Annual Inspection
  • Checklist
  • Proposed Alteration Checklist
  • Import Aircraft

  • DEFINITIONS
  • INDEX
  • REFERENCES

About the Author:
Denny's years of experience in the aviation field demonstrates a lesser-known side of aircraft pre-purchase that is from the mechanic's and FAA Airworthiness Inspectors perspective. Denny is currently an Aviation Safety Inspector for the Federal Aviation Administration, an Airframe and Powerplant (A&P) mechanic and holds an Inspection Authorization (IA). He has cut his knuckles and smashed his fingers bucking rivets and fitting sheet metal on aircraft. He has owned and operated an aviation repair business restoring damaged aircraft to serviceable condition. He has taught for a Part 147 school training mechanics to become technicians on aircraft. He has written and published an aviation newsletter for several years some of the articles appear in this book.


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