Working Healthy and Working Healthy - Solvents, by James Allen, MD, MPH

Working Healthy and
Working Healthy - Solvents

by James Allen, MD, MPH

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Health and Safety issues for the aviator, A&P mechanic, line person, and aircraft builder.

"Working Healthy" and "Working Healthy, Solvents", by James Allen, belong with every A&P student, mechanic, technician, and aircraft builder. Or at least, with every repair station library, and with every training and repair station manager.

Working Healthy is a manual on health and safety techniques written by an aviation medical examiner specifically for the aviation technician. Learn how to protect yourself from the many risks and long term health issues common in an aviation facility. Learn to advise and protect your most valuable assets (your employees and students), and in doing so reduce absenteeism, job delays, and your company's Workman's Compensation premiums. Just one prevented minor injury will pay for this book 100 times over.

Dozens of common health risks including lifting, toxic metals and chemicals, ear and eye protection, heat and cold exposure, tool handling, to the ergonomics of a simple oil change are covered in depth but written and illustrated to be clearly understandable without medical experience.

  • Learn how to properly fit an ear plug and a respirator.
  • Learn how to select tools that match your hand and the job.
  • Learn about skin protection
  • Learn how to avoid toxic fumes from the dozens of sources around every aviation facility.
  • Learn about biological issues including around lavatories and bird droppings.
  • Learn how to recognize if a liquid or solid substance will make you sick.
  • Learn to protect yourself from repetitive motion injuries.

Each of these issues and many others are discussed, including their causes, recognition of danger signs, recommended methods of performing the job, methods of prevention and what to do if a situation or symptoms occur.

Working Healthy, Solvents - ISBN 9780982271926

If you use solvents to degrease parts, set up plastics or formulate paint; then you need information to use these products safely. Don’t guess about the medical consequences from solvents, learn how to recognize and prevent them.

Working Healthy, Solvents discusses the medical effects of solvents; but more importantly, it explains how to prevent these effects. When taken into the body, the same solvents used in industry will de-fat the skin, irritate the mucus membranes and dissolve nerves. Watery eyes, cracked skin and a cough may be the first indication of solvents’ effect on the body. More serious health effects are possible.

Using examples, Working Healthy, Solvents explains how overexposures in industry caused health effects on workers. These examples, documented in medical literature, illustrate the work techniques that caused needless suffering. Understanding how these medical effects occurred is the first step in their prevention. Since poor work techniques allowed the solvents to enter the body, illustrations and descriptions describe preferred work techniques. Watery eyes, cracked skin and more serious consequences can all be prevented by understanding how solvents work their effects within the body.

Both students and practitioners will appreciate the case studies taken from the aviation industry. Each presents a medical effect that arose with solvent use in a work process. Questions challenge the reader to first focus on the cause of the medical effect, then propose work techniques that would prevent it. This combination of real work experience and medicine allows the reader to appreciate how significant medical effects arose from workplace use of solvents. Solvents are not particular to any one industry. Users of these products in any industry will benefit from the case studies with the message of prevention. The parent text, Working Healthy, presents a complete description of health effects from workplace exposures to solvents, noise, painting, ergonomic hand tools and many more.

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"Working Healthy" Table of Contents

  • Part One - Learning from Previous Experience
    • Chemical Over exposures
    • Conserving You Hearing
      • how to fit an ear plug
    • Power Tools in your Hands
      • pneumatic tool use on composite airplanes
    • Selecting Hand Tools
      • checklist for ergonomic tool acquisition
      • general considerations for tool selection
    • Ergonomic Injuries
      • muscle aches and back pain
      • ergonomics of a simple oil change
    • Protecting Your Lungs
      • grinding spraying, and sanding
      • preventing particles from entering your lungs
      • when to use a respirator
      • how to know if a respirator is working
      • maintaining respirators
    • "I Want to Build an Airplane - Not a Safety Department"
    • Contact With Fuels
      • liquid fuels and carbon monoxide vapor
      • case study - no return call from the fuel truck
    • Painting - Medical Implications
      • case study - we lost a valuable talent because of exposure to a specific chemical in paint
    • How Solvents Affect You
      • case study - why these mechanics can't walk - how 3 mechanics inadvertently advanced medical knowledge about how nerves work
    • Caring For Your Skin
      • skin protects you from the outside environment, but this protection fails when skin becomes irritated
    • Exposures to Metyals, Composites, and Cleaners
      • case studies from Douglas Aircraft Company, Finnish Aircraft Industry, and Aerospatiale
  • Part Two - Details of Exposures Common to Aircraft and Airports
    • Protecting Your Hearing
      • noise induced hearing loss
      • the audiogram: detecting a threshold shift
      • protecting your hearing
      • effects of noise beyond hearing
    • Ergonomics For Airplane People
      • neck strains
      • shoulder strains and rotor cuff tears
      • low back pain
      • ergonomics in action
    • Kerosene Based Fuels
      • applying exposure limits to aircraft fueling
      • biological effects from fuels
      • what to do when exposed to kerosene based fuels
    • Gasoline Engine Exhaust
      • effects and symptoms of carbon monoxide
      • measuring carbon monoxide
      • delayed effects of carbon monoxide poisoning
      • saving a victim of carbon monoxide poisoning
    • Paint
      • asthma caused by Diisocyanates in paint
      • protecting yourself while painting
    • How Solvents Affect You
      • MEK - Methyl Ethyl Ketone
      • Detecting MEK
      • Working Healthy with MEK and other solvents
      • high and low level solvent exposure
    • Caring For Your Skin
      • a skin wellness program
      • maintaining healthy hands
      • barrier creams and moisturizers
    • Contact Dermatitis
      • irritant and allergic dermatitis
      • determining the source of dermatitis
      • working techniques and skin disease
    • Toxic Metals & Citrus Based Cleaners
      • Cadmium
      • Beryllium
      • preventing toxic metal exposure
      • citrus based cleaners
  • Part Three - Specific Exposures
    • Working In Heat
      • the body's response to heat
      • disorders caused by heat stress
      • preventing heat related disorders
    • Working in Cold
      • the body's response to cold
      • preventing cold related disorders
    • Are You Comfortable in The Work Area
      • the comfort zone concept
      • investigating the quality of indoor air
      • job satisfaction, fatigue, and air quality
    • Bird Droppings
    • Lavatory Challenges & Biological Transport
      • repairing a lavatory
      • good work practice for LAV repairs
      • the cold chain
    • Accident Scenes
      • accident scene as a work site
      • biological hazards at accident scenes
      • bloodborne pathogen program
      • protecting yourself as an accident investigator
    • Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluids
      • medical effects and work practices
    • Dopes
      • best practices when doping fabric airplanes
    • Exposure to Heavy Metals
      • depleted uranium
      • healh effects of depleted uranium
    • Effects of Simultaneous Exposures
      • chemical exposure in weather extremes
      • repeated fuel and solvent exposure
      • accelerated hearing loss; noise and fuel exposure
      • postural stability; organic solvents
  • Part Four - Recognizing Environmental Exposures in the Workplace
    • Recognizing and Controlling Overexposures
      • measuring overexposure
      • will this substance make me sick?
      • using PEL and TLV to protect your health
      • the safety hierarchy
    • Measuring the Environment
      • airborne exposure
      • sound measurements
      • other hazards
    • The Regulatory Approach
      • the occupational safety and health act
      • the general duty clause
      • chance of an inspection by OSHA
      • the hazard communication standard
    • Overexposure and Individual Responsibility
    • What Working Healthy Really Means
  • "Working Healthy, Solvents" Table of Contents

    • Chapter 1
      • Physiology or How your Body Reacts to Solvent Exposures
      • MEK, a model for solvent effects
      • Irritant effect of solvents
      • Absorption from skin and lungs
      • Solvents’ effect on skin
      • Metabolism and biotransformation
      • Solvents’ effect on the Peripheral Nervous System
      • Solvents’ effect on the Central Nervous System
    • Chapter 2
      • Clinical Consequences from Solvents
      • Summary of medical effects from solvent exposures
      • Detecting MEK
      • Comparing MEK and Stoddard solvent
      • Mixtures of solvents and medical effects
      • Effects of organic solvents at low levels of exposure
      • Do solvents cause cancer?
    • Chapter 3
      • Scenarios Describing Clinical Effects
      • Scenario 1: Symptoms of short-term exposures – in the cockpit
      • Scenario 2: Symptoms of long-term exposures – aircraft factory
      • Scenario 3: Mood disorders – house and automotive painters.
      • Scenario 4: Symptom similar to a heart attack – liquid exposure
      • Scenario 5: Skin irritation – long-term exposures in aircraft repair
      • Scenario 6: Nerve damage – manufacturing parts with n-hexane
      • Scenario 7: Kidney failure – long-term use in a repair facility
      • Scenario 8: Liver failure – exposure to tetrachloroethane
      • Scenario 9: Testicular cancers – solvent exposures in young men
      • Clinical Effects, overexposure scenarios, and the workplace
    • Chapter 4
      • Work Practices with Solvents
      • Safety Hierarchy – the basis for prevention
      • Recommended work practices when using solvents
      • First level of Safety Hierarchy – eliminate or substitute the product
      • Second level of Safety Hierarchy – engineering and administrative controls
      • Third level of Safety Hierarchy - personal protective equipment
      • Personal hygiene and personal risk factors
    • Chapter 5
      • Solvents in the Small Workshop
      • How do safety concerns arise in the small workshop?
      • Will my sense of smell alert me to an overexposure?
      • Solvent-specific steps for the small workshop
    • Chapter 6
      • What Working Healthy Really Means
      • Medical knowledge about your workplace
      • Understanding your work shop
    • Chapter 7
      • Learning from Others, by Case Study
      • How to use case studies as a learning tool
      • Case 1: Analyzing the DE’s experience
      • Case 2: MEK use in manufacturing fuel cells
      • Case 3: F-4 Phantom jet repair using DMF
      • Case 4: Mood disorders among F-111 maintenance workers
    • Appendix 1: Finding Information about Solvents.
    • Appendix 2: Answer book for case studies 2 through 4
    • Appendix 3: Lesson Plans
    • Glossary


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