Aerodynamics  Naval Aviators, by H.H. Hurt, Jr.

Aerodynamics Naval Aviators

by H.H. Hurt, Jr.

Publisher:
Copyright Date:
1965
Other Identifiers:
NAVWEPS 00-80T-80
Pages:
416
Binding:
Paperback
Dimensions:
11.0" x 8.5"
Weight:
2.4lbs
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As of 2011, Aerodynamics for Naval Aviators is the offical reference for the aerodynamics questions of the FAA ATP and Flight Engineer knowledge exam.

The traditional text for Navy pilots; this is the definitive source on aerodynamics and engineering theory as it applies to low and high speed flight operations and is completely applicable for all pilots.

The classic book on aerodynamics and flight engineering from the pilot's perspective; written by the US Navy as a primary textbook for naval pilots.

This book covers the basic principles of flight theory in both low and high speed regimes. Airflow theory, airfoil design, high lift devices, induced and parasitic drag, stall patterns, climb and sink performance, thrust and power, control & stability are all covered in subsonic, transonic, and supersonic conditions. Somewhat technical, although mathematics is kept to the minimum level required to understand the topics from an operational point of view.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

  • PREFACE
  • CHAPTER 1: BASIC AERODYNAMICS
    • WING & AIRFOIL FORCES
      • PROPERTIES OF THE ATMOSPHERE
        • Static pressure
        • Temperature
        • Density
        • Viscosity
        • Standard Atmosphere
        • Pressure Altitude
        • Density Altitude
      • BERNOULLI'S PRINCIPLE AND SUBSONIC AIRFLOW
        • Bernoulli's Equation
        • Airspeed Measurement
      • DEVELOPMENT OF AERODYNAMIC FORCES
        • Streamline pattern and pressure distribution
        • Generation of lift
        • Airfoil Technology
        • Aerodynamic force coefficient
        • Basic lift equation
        • Interpretation of the lift equation
        • Airfoil lift characteristics
        • Drag Characteristics
        • Airfoil Drag characteristics
      • FLIGHT AT HIGH LIFT CONDITIONS
        • Stall speeds
        • Effect of weight
        • Effect of maneuvering flight
        • Effect of high lift devices
        • Stall angle of attach and stall recovery
      • HIGH LIFT DEVICES
        • Types of high lift devices
        • Operation of high lift devices
      • DEVELOPMENT OF AERODYNAMIC PITCHING MOMENTS
        • Pressure distribution
        • Center of pressure and aerodynamic center
        • Pitching moment coefficient
        • Application to longitudinal stability
      • FRICTION EFFECTS
        • Viscous flow
        • Boundary layers
        • Reynolds Number
        • Airflow separation
        • Scale effect
    • PLANFORM EFFECTS AND AIRPLANE DRAG
      • EFFECT OF WING PLANFORM
        • Description of planform
        • Development of lift by a wing
      • INDUCED DRAG
        • Induced angle of attack and inclined lift
        • Induced drag coefficient
        • Effect of lift
        • Effect of altitude
        • Effect of speed
        • Effect of aspect ratio
      • EFFECT OF TAPER AND SWEEPBACK
        • Spanwise lift distribution
        • Local induced flow
        • Effect on lift and drag characteristics
      • STALL PATTERNS
        • Favorable stall pattern
        • Effect of planform
        • Modifications for stall characteristics
      • PARASITE DRAG
        • Sources of parasite drag
        • Parasite drag coefficient
        • Parasite and induced drag
        • Effect of configuration
        • Effect of altitude
        • Effect of speed
      • AIRPLANE TOTAL DRAG
        • Drag variation with speed
        • Induced and parasite drag
        • Stall Speed
        • Minimum drag
        • Specific performance conditions
        • Compressibility drag rise
  • CHAPTER 2: AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE
    • REQUIRED THRUST AND POWER
      • DEFINITIONS
        • Parasite and induced drag
        • Thrust and power required
      • VARIATION OF THRUST AND POWER REQUIRED
        • Effect of gross weight
        • Effect of configuration
        • Effect of altitude
    • AVAILABLE THRUST AND POWER
      • PRINCIPLES OF PROPULSION
        • Mass flow, velocity change, momentum change
        • Newton's laws
        • Wasted power
        • Power available
        • Propulsion efficiency
      • TURBOJET ENGINES
        • Operating cycle
        • Function of the components
        • Turbojet operating characteristics
        • Turbojet operating limitations
        • Thrust augmentation
        • The gas turbine-propeller combination
      • THE RECIPROCATING ENGINE
        • Operating characteristics
        • Operating limitations
      • AIRCRAFT PROPELLERS
        • Operating characteristics
        • Operating limitations
    • ITEMS OF AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE
      • STRAIGHT AND LEVEL FLIGHT
        • Equilibrium conditions
        • Thrust and power required
        • Thrust and power available
        • Maximum and minimum speed
      • CLIMB PERFORMANCE
        • Steady and transient climb
        • Climb performance
      • RANGE PERFORMANCE
        • General range performance
        • Range, propeller driven airplanes
        • Range, turbojet airplanes
        • Effect of wind on range
      • ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE
        • General endurance performance
        • Effect of altitude on endurance
      • OFF-OPTIMUM RANGE AND ENDURANCE
        • Reciprocating powered airplane
        • Turboprop powered airplane
        • Turbojet powered airplane
      • MANEUVERING PERFORMANCE
        • Relationships of turning flight
        • Turning performance
        • Tactical performance
      • TAKEOFF AND LANDING PERFORMANCE
        • Relationships of accelerated motion
        • Takeoff performance
        • Factors affecting takeoff performance
        • Landing performance
        • Factors affecting landing performance
        • Importance of handbook performance
  • CHAPTER 3: HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMICS
    • GENERAL CONCEPTS AND SUPERSONIC FLOW PATTERNS
      • NATURE OF COMPRESSIBILITY
        • Definition of Mach number
        • Subsonic, transonic, supersonic, and hypersonic flight regimes
        • Compressible flow conditions
        • Comparison of compressible and incompressible flow
      • TYPICAL SUPERSONIC FLOW PATTERNS
        • Oblique shock wave
        • Normal shock wave
        • Expansion wave
        • Effect on velocity, Mach number, density, pressure, energy
      • SECTIONS IN SUPERSONIC FLOW
        • Flow patterns
        • Pressure distribution
        • Wave drag
        • Location of aerodynamic center
    • CONFIGURATION EFFECTS
      • TRANSONIC AND SUPERSONIC FLIGHT
        • Critical Mach number
        • Shock wave formation
        • Shock induced separation
        • Force divergence
        • Phenomena of transonic flight
        • Phenomena of supersonic flight
        • TRANSONIC AND SUPERSONIC CONFIGURATIONS
          • Airfoil sections
          • Planform effects
          • Control surfaces
          • Supersonic engine inlets
          • Supersonic configurations
        • AERODYNAMIC HEATING
          • Ram temperature rise
          • Effect on structural materials and powerplant performance
  • CHAPTER 4: STABILITY AND CONTROL
    • DEFINITIONS
      • STATIC STABILITY
      • DYNAMIC STABILITY
      • TRIM AND CONTROLLABILITY
      • AIRPLANE REFERENCE AXES
    • LONGITUDINAL STABILITY AND CONTROL
      • STATIC LONGITUDINAL STABILITY
        • General considerations
        • Contribution of the component surfaces
        • Power-off stability
        • Power effects
        • Control force stability
        • Maneuvering stability
        • Tailoring control forces
      • LONGITUDINAL CONTROL
        • Maneuvering control requirement
        • Takeoff control requirement
        • Landing control requirement
      • LONGITUDINAL DYNAMIC STABILITY
        • Phugoid
        • Short period motions
      • MODERN CONTROL SYSTEMS
        • Conventional
        • Boosted
        • Power operated
    • DIRECTIONAL STABILITY AND CONTROL
      • DIRECTIONAL STABILITY
        • Definitions
        • Contribution of the airplane components
        • Critical conditions
      • DIRECTIONAL CONTROL
        • Directional control requirements
        • Adverse yaw
        • Spin recovery
        • Slipstream rotation
        • Cross wind takeoff and landing
        • Asymmetrical power
    • LATERAL STABILITY AND CONTROL
      • LATERAL STABILITY
        • Definitions
      • CONTRIBUTION OF THE AIRPLANE COMPONENT
        • Wing
        • Fuselage and wing position
        • Sweepback
        • Vertical tail
      • LATERAL DYNAMIC EFFECTS
        • Directional divergence
        • Spiral divergence
        • Dutch roll
      • CONTROL IN ROLL
        • Rolling motion of an airplane
        • Rolling performance
        • Critical requirements
    • MISCELLANEOUS STABILITY PROBLEMS
      • LANDING GEAR CONFIGURATIONS
        • Tail wheel type
        • Tricycle type
        • Bicycle type
      • SPINS AND PROBLEMS OF SPIN RECOVERY
        • Principal prospin moments
        • Fundamental principle of recovery
        • Effect of configuration
      • PITCH-UP
        • Definition
        • Contribution of the airplane components
      • EFFECTS OF HIGH MACH NUMBER
        • Longitudinal stability and control
        • Directional stability
        • Dynamic stability and damping
      • PILOT INDUCED OSCILLATIONS
        • Pilot control system airplane coupling
        • High q and low stick force stability
      • ROLL COUPLING
        • Inertia and aerodynamic coupling
        • Inertia and wind axes
        • Natural pitch, yaw and coupled pitch yaw frequencies
        • Critical roll rates
        • Autorative rolling
        • Operating limitations
      • HELICOPTER STABILITY AND CONTROL
        • Rotor gyroscopic effects
        • Cyclic and collective pitch
        • Longitudinal, lateral, and directional control
        • Angle of attack and velocity stability
        • Dynamic stability
  • CHAPTER 5: OPERATING STRENGTH LIMITATIONS
    • GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS
      • STATIC STRENGTH
        • Limit load
        • Factor of safety
        • Material properties
      • SERVICE LIFE
        • Fatigue consideration
        • Load spectrum and cumulative damage
        • Creep considerations
      • AEROELASTIC EFFECTS
        • Stiffness and rigidity
    • AIRCRAFT LOADS AND OPERATING LIMITATIONS
      • FLIGHT LOADS - MANEUVERS AND GUSTS
        • Load factor
        • Maneuvering load factors
        • Gust load factors
        • Effect of overstress
      • THE V-n OR V-g DIAGRAM
        • Effect of weight, configuration, altitude, and symmetry of loading
        • Limit load factors
        • ultimate load factors
        • Maximum lift capability
        • Limit airspeed
        • Operating envelope
        • Maneuver speed and penetration of turbulence
      • EFFECT OF HIGH SPEED FLIGHT
        • Critical gust
        • Aileron reversal
        • Divergence
        • Flutter
        • Compressibility problems
      • LANDING AND GROUND LOADS
        • Landing load factor
        • Effect of touchdown rate OF descent
        • Effect of gross weight
        • Forced landing on unprepared surfaces
    • EFFECT OF OVERSTRESS ON SERVICE LIFE
      • Recognition of overstress damage
      • Importance of operating limitations
  • CHAPTER 6: APPLICATION OF AERODYNAMICS TO SPECIFIC PROBLEMS OF FLYING
    • PRIMARY CONTROL OF AIRSPEED AND ALTITUDE
      • Angle of attack versus airspeed
      • Rate of climb and descent
      • Flying technique
    • REGION OF REVERSED COMMAND
      • Regions of normal and reversed command
      • Features of flight in the normal and reversed regions of command
    • THE ANGLE OF ATTACK INDICATOR AND THE MIRROR LANDING SYSTEM
      • The angle of attack indicator
      • The mirror landing system
    • THE APPROACH AND LANDING
      • The approach
      • The landing flare and touchdown
      • Typical errors
    • THE TAKEOFF
      • Takeoff speed and distance
      • Typical errors
    • GUSTS AND WIND SHEAR
      • Vertical and horizontal gusts
    • POWER-OFF GLIDE PERFORMANCE
      • Glide angle and lift drag ratio
      • Factors affecting glide performance
      • The flameout pattern
    • EFFECT OF ICE AND FROST ON AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE
      • Effect of ice
      • Effect of Frost
    • ENGINE FAILURE ON THE MULTI-ENGINE AIRPLANE
      • Effect of weight and altitude
      • Control requirements
      • Effect on performance
      • Effect of turning flight and configuration
    • GROUND EFFECT
      • Aerodynamic influence of ground effect
      • Ground effect on specific flight conditions
    • INTERFERENCE BETWEEN AIRPLANES IN FLIGHT
      • Effect of lateral, vertical, and longitudinal separation
      • Collision possibility
    • BRAKING PERFORMANCE
      • Friction characteristics
      • Braking technique
      • Typical errors of braking technique
    • REFUSAL SPEEDS, LINE SPEEDS, AND CRITICAL FIELD LENGTH
      • Refusal speed
      • Line speeds
      • Critical field length, multi-engine operation
    • SONIC BOOMS
      • Shock waves and audible sound
      • Precautions
    • HELICOPTER PROBLEMS
      • aerodynamics
      • Retreating blade stall
      • Compressibility effects
      • Autoration characteristics
      • Power settling
    • THE FLIGHT HANDBOOK
  • SELECTED REFERENCES
  • INDEX

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